Zimbabwe needs to cure the coup, and needs the African Union to help with this, publisher and academic Ibbo Mandaza has said.
“It is true that the AU initially condemned the coup, but it has said nothing ever since, not to mention SADC (the Southern African Development Community),” he told a seminar on Zimbabwe’s future, organised by the South African Institute for International Affairs on Friday.
He said the AU’s Peace and Security Commission should organise a meeting as soon as possible to discuss the coup and the implications thereof, and how the AU could intervene.
Mandaza called the ousting of former president Robert Mugabe last month a coup d’etat, even though the international community has been hesitant in recognising it as such.
He said SADC initially wanted to see a transition government in Zimbabwe, pending free and fair elections, but once Mugabe resigned, SADC called off its planned meeting in Harare “as if that was all they wanted to happen”.
He said it was important for the AU, the European Union, the United States and Britain to recognise that what happened was a coup and that the current government, headed by President Emmerson Mnangagwa, was an illegitimate one, or a “coup government”.
He said the current government shouldn’t be allowed to get away with the transfer of power that happened.
Mandaza also questioned the implications this would have for South Africa’s relations with Zimbabwe. President Jacob Zuma publicly shook hands with Mnangagwa when he was in Pretoria during the coup in Harare. “In what capacity was Zuma shaking hands with Mnangagwa?,” Mandaza asked.
He said there was still a strong military presence in Harare, and he speculated that Mugabe might be kept captive in his home.
“I wonder what would happen if Mugabe were to leave for Singapore for his regular treatments. What if Mugabe, while out there, said he was forced to resign, which he was? What would be the implications? Can we explain why he is so closely guarded?”
Legal expert Kudakwashe (Kuda) Chitsike, Director of the Research and Advocacy Unit (RAU), said the transfer of power was not done according to the country’s constitution.
“Whether you like Mugabe or not, he was elected in 2013 and everybody accepted the election. You may not like the results, but he was elected,” she said.
She said SADC never had Zimbabwe as a priority and rubberstamped the elections despite disputes and even violence.
Chitsike said Zimbabweans came out to march in support of the coup because it was Mugabe being deposed. Even though Zimbabweans have always been risk-averse because the military created fear, they came out to march because the military gave them permission to.
Both speakers agreed that Zimbabwe needed to be demilitarised.