Scores of civilians including a prominent activist were detained on Wednesday and others were beaten, lawyers and witnesses said, as evidence began to emerge of a brutal crackdown on dissent by security forces.
Activist Evan Mawarire has been charged with inciting public violence over a hike in fuel prices and will be detained overnight before appearing in court on Thursday, his lawyer Beatrice Mtetwa said.
Mawarire was seized from his Harare home by nearly a dozen armed police officers early Wednesday.
Following two days of protests against fuel price hikes, residents said soldiers and police were patrolling townships in Harare, Marondera, Mutare, Kadoma and Bulawayo and attacking some people in their homes.
Joana Mamombe, the MDC MP for Harare West, said she was in hiding after soldiers sought her out at her parents’ home on Tuesday and beat up her father, leaving him hospitalised and unable to sit.
“I’m very scared for my life. This is a crackdown on those of us who oppose this government. They want to silence opposition voices,” she told Reuters by telephone.
Zimbabweans had hoped President Emmerson Mnangagwa would make good on pre-election pledges to kick-start the economy. But since the November 2017 coup that ousted its long-time leader, Robert Mugabe, the country has fallen back into familiar ways.
Dollar shortages are battering the economy, rocketing inflation is destroying the value of citizens’ savings and the government is reacting forcefully to crush dissent.
An internet blackout entered its third day on Wednesday, leaving many without access to social media and laying the government open to accusations that it wanted to prevent images of heavy-handedness from being broadcast around the world. The blackout had been lifted late Wednesday.
Mnangagwa, on a trip to Russia and the World Economic Forum in Davos, said he was “deeply saddened” by the violent protests.
“Resolving Zimbabwe’s economic challenges is a monumental task, and while it may not always feel that way, we are moving in the right direction,” he said on his official Facebook page.
There was no immediate comment from the government on the series of arrests or allegations of violence by police and soldiers.
An official inquiry last year found troops had used “disproportionate and unjustified” force in shooting and killing six civilians during interventions to stop violence after Mnangagwa was controversially elected on July 30.
Outside a private hospital in Harare, journalists saw two men seeking treatment for wounds sustained on Tuesday night.
One said soldiers smashed their way into his house and dragged him to an open space, where he and around 20 other people were beaten and accused of being protesters.
“They wanted to kill us but I managed to escape,” said one man, who had a swollen eye, before being taken inside by a nurse.
Wednesday was the third and final day of the stay-at-home protest called by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) in response to Mnangagwa increasing the price of fuel by more than 150 percent.
Shops, banks and restaurants around major towns and cities remained closed and there was little road traffic.
Mawarire, a Harare pastor who rose to prominence as a Mugabe critic and led a national shutdown in 2016, said police had surrounded his house after he used Facebook and Twitter posts to urge Zimbabweans to join the stay-at-home protest.
He was bundled into a truck by about a dozen armed police early shortly after 7AM and charged with inciting public violence and detained, his lawyer Mtetwa said.
A spokesman for Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights said it was representing 62 others also due to be charged with public violence. Another 13 men later arrived at the Harare Magistrates Court under a heavy police guard.
Police said on Tuesday they had arrested more than 200 people following the protests.
It is believed between eight and 10 people, including a police officer, died in violent demonstrations on Monday.
In central Harare on Wednesday, police fired tear gas to disperse a crowd outside the only shop that appeared to be open as soldiers controlled a long line of citizens desperate to buy food.
At the only fuel station doing business, soldiers and police were being served ahead of other motorists, whose cars formed a line stretching more than 2km.